The mediating role of job satisfaction at selected public universities in Afghanistan: the effect of job security on turnover intention
Keywords:Normative measurement, job security, mediation, job satisfaction, Public Universities, Afghan
The purpose of the study is to ascertain whether job satisfaction has a mediating role in the association between job security and the turnover at several public Universities in Afghanistan. The issue with the study is stated as follows. In addition to the significant impact employee, retention has on an organization's effectiveness; public colleges in Afghanistan nevertheless confront several challenges. An online Google form with a cross-sectional survey methodology was specifically utilized in this research's quantitative approach. The study’s researchers designed this normative measurement method. It has a Likert scale of five. The scale's validity and dependability were also examined. Cronbach's alphas for job security reliability, job satisfaction reliability, and job turnover reliability were 0.84, 0.68, and 0.87, respectively. An online Google form was employed to administer the convenience sampling technique. From several public universities in Afghanistan, 152 people took part. Job security had a major impact on job satisfaction. Furthermore, the intention to leave a job was significantly impacted by job security. Moreover, there was a sizable impact of job satisfaction on the intention to leave. In the association between job security and turnover intentions, job satisfaction had a strong mediating influence as well. Therefore, it is contended that job satisfaction plays a statistically positive and significant effect on job security and the intention of job turnover.
Al-Ali, W., Ameen, A., Isaac, O., Khalifa, G., & Al-Shibami, A. (2019). The mediating effect of job happiness on the relationship between job satisfaction and employee performance and turnover intentions: A case study on the oil and gas industry in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Business and Retail Management Research, 13. https://doi.org/10.24052/JBRMR/V13IS04/ART-09
Davy, J. A., Kinicki, A. J., & Scheck, C. L. (1997). A test of job security’s direct and mediated effects on withdrawal cognitions. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18(4), 323–349. https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1099-1379(199707)18:4<323::aid-job801>3.0.co;2-#
De Cuyper, N., Bernhard-Oettel, C., Berntson, E., De Witte, H., & Alarco, B. (2008). Employability and Employees’ Well‐Being: Mediation by Job Insecurity. Applied Psychology, 57(3), 488–509. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00332.x
Faragher, E. B., Cass, M., & Cooper, C. L. (2005). The relationship between job satisfaction and health: A meta-analysis. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 62(2), 105–112. https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2002.006734
Ferrie, J. E., Shipley, M. J., Stansfeld, S. A., Smith, G. D., Marmot, M., & Whitehall II Study. (2003). Future uncertainty and socioeconomic inequalities in health: The Whitehall II study. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 57(4), 637–646. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(02)00406-9
Greenhalgh, L., & Rosenblatt, Z. (1984). Job Insecurity: Toward Conceptual Clarity. The Academy of Management Review, 9(3), 438–448. https://doi.org/10.2307/258284
Harter, J. K., Schmidt, F. L., & Hayes, T. L. (2002). Business-unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(2), 268–279. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.87.2.268
Heffernan, M., & Rochford, E. (2017). Psychological contract breach and turnover intention: The moderating effects of social status and local ties. The Irish Journal of Management, 36(2), 99–115. https://doi.org/10.1515/ijm-2017-0011
Hobfoll, S. E., Halbesleben, J., Neveu, J.-P., & Westman, M. (2018). Conservation of Resources in the Organizational Context: The Reality of Resources and Their Consequences. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 5(1), 103–128. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104640
Judge, T. A., Bono, J. E., Erez, A., & Locke, E. A. (2005). Core Self-Evaluations and Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Self-Concordance and Goal Attainment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(2), 257–268. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.90.2.257
Judge, T. A., Thoresen, C. J., Bono, J. E., & Patton, G. K. (2001). The job satisfaction-job performance relationship: A qualitative and quantitative review. Psychological Bulletin, 127(3), 376–407. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.127.3.376
Kanfer, R., & Ackerman, P. L. (2004). Aging, Adult Development, and Work Motivation. Academy of Management Review, 29(3), 440–458. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2004.13670969
Khawrin, M. K., Sahibzada, A., & Negussie, D. (2022). Assessment of Job Satisfaction, Workplace Flexibility, and Employees’ Benefits: A Survey of Selected Public Universities in Afghanistan. Towards Excellence, 14(1), 1509–15017. https://doi.org/10.37867/TE1401136
Knight, C., Patterson, M., & Dawson, J. (2017). Building work engagement: A systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the effectiveness of work engagement interventions. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 38(6), 792–812. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.2167
Laulié, L., & Morgeson, F. P. (2021). The end is just the beginning: Turnover events and their impact on those who remain. Personnel Psychology, 74(3), 387–409. https://doi.org/10.1111/peps.12422
Maertz, C., & Campion, M. A. (1998). 25 Years of Voluntary Turnover Research: A Review and Critique. In International Review of IO Psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 49–81).
Meyer, K. (2016). Students’ Perceptions of Life Skill Development in Project-Based Learning Schools. https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v2i1.8933
Obeng, A. F., Quansah, P. E., & Boakye, E. (2020). The Relationship between Job Insecurity and Turnover Intention: The Mediating Role of Employee Morale and Psychological Strain. Management, 10(2), 35–45.
Probst, T. M. (2002). The impact of job insecurity on employee work attitudes, job adaptation, and organizational withdrawal behaviors. The Psychology of Work: Theoretically Based Empirical Research, 1, 141–168.
Sahibzada, A., & Khawrin, M. (2023). The relationship between salary and recognition on job satisfaction: a study of Paktia university lecturers. Vidya A Journla of Gujarat University, 2(1), 74–78. https://doi.org/10.47413/vidya.v2i1.132
Sahibzada, A., & Pandya, H. (2022). Impact of promotion and interpersonal communication on job satisfaction of university lecturers: a study in Nangarhar University, Afghanistan. Gap interdisciplinarities - a global journal of interdisciplinary studies, 5(4), 25–29.
Sahibzada, A., Tolossa, D. N., & Pandya, H. B. (2022). The relationship between job satisfaction and the performance of employees at Paktia university, Afghanistan. Gap interdisciplinarities - A Global journal of interdisciplinary studies, 5(4), 7–10.
Shore, L. M., Randel, A. E., Chung, B. G., Dean, M. A., Holcombe Ehrhart, K., & Singh, G. (2011). Inclusion and Diversity in Work Groups: A Review and Model for Future Research. Journal of Management, 37(4), 1262–1289. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206310385943
Spector, P. (1997). Job Satisfaction: Application, Assessment, Causes, and Consequences. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781452231549
Xie, X., Liu, H., & Deng, H. (2015). Psychological Contract Breach and Turnover Intention: The Intermediary Role of Job Satisfaction. Open Journal of Business and Management, 3(4), Article 4. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojbm.2015.34036
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Management and Business Education
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
License terms at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode